ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCACION- Project GUATIQUIA-IBA (Important Bird Area)

Our strategic perspective in this environmental education initiative is focused on three fundamental axes, namely, communication understood as all activities related to dissemination and creation of informational materials about the initiative to conserve the Cundinamarca Antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri), social articulation enabling it to connect to as many potential players, and training as a series of activities aimed and designed to generate awareness within the community.

METHODS AND RESULTS.


We understand the environmental education like a process that only occur appropriately, when we carefully selected tools to use, according to social group which is working, in that way is very valuable to have tools that in addition to effectively communicate initiatives conservation, giving access to information from the community. That was the reason to we selected some special methods, including:
 Social Mapping.
Social mapping is defined as a methodology for group work that allows immediate and meaningful plot (ordinate), in addition to establish correlations and comparisons between the different phenomena that occur in space-time in the territory, from the records of exploratory conversations in which the territory is actively involved through the use of the senses, reason and institutions as a result of recognition. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA (2004).
In this project, establish the perception of local communities about bird population and environmental problematic in the municipality, through the making of social mapping, was a special and really important method, because allowed know some natural places that the Guayabetal Community are interesting in protect, and human activities that are affecting landscapes and natural resources.

Workshops.
The workshop is an important strategy for the methodological implementations and the projection of the conceptual proposal of this project, since it is considered that this can contribute to system building methodology, flexible and persistent in environmental and educational contexts, where developing the different environmental education activities. The workshop should be considered as a strategic tool for making training or educational-environmental situations. We designed and performed workshops with the community to inform about the ecological importance of Cundinamarca Antpitta, in
45
addition, the workshops allowed establish positive conditions to continue the work for the Cundinamarca Antpitta conservation. The workshops held were:
 What does we know about our environment?
 Recognizing our richness!
 What is the birds function?
 We can´t clip wings of future!
 Cundinamarca Antpitta, our hidden treasury!
In these activities had the opportunity of participated 257 students and teachers of educational institutions.

Workshops with local peolple at Guayabetal

Workshops with local peolple at Guayabetal

 

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AT GUYABETAL

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AT GUYABETAL

FRIENDS THE BIRDS AT GUAYABETA

FRIENDS THE BIRDS AT GUAYABETA

Strengthened environmental groups

With the support of teachers in Guayabetal municipality, it was possible to establish the conditions for the creation of a birdwatching group called “TOROTOI GROUP”. This group is comprised by students from different academic levels and natural sciences teachers in Monseñor Alberto Reyes Fonseca School. Project Cundinamarca Antpitta Colombia, are making possible the strengthened of ―Torotoi Group‖ through the donation of library materials relating with conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in addition to training in field of new birders.

birdwatching group called “TOROTOI GROUP”.

birdwatching group called “TOROTOI GROUP”.

black billed toucan

proyecto grallaria

proyecto grallaria

 

Assessment and Conservation of Threatened Bird Species at Guayabetal

Guayabetal is located of southern Cundinamarca Province, it is a Global ecoregion. This area harbours a tremendous diversity of plants and animals (including a high diversity of endemic bird species). Guayabetal forests are vulnerable mainly due to conversion of forest to agriculture land and exploitation for timber.

GUATIQUIA RIVER-CLOUD FOREST

GUATIQUIA RIVER-CLOUD FOREST

Two fieldwork strategies will be used: “En bloc-Assessment” to produce a avifauna census and ecological assessments, to explore environment problems and possible solutions through community approach; “Special Survey” to assess the conservation status of some threatened endemic bird species. Socio-economic conditions will be assessed through paticipatory survey. Obtained data will be used to underpin a Community Outreach Program and Conservation Action Plan.

Image

Plans to continue this work IBA GUATIQUIA

 

1. Through public media, to increase awareness of the identity and conservation status of Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets  throughout the Guayabetal. This has been commenced with considerable success through newspaper, radio and television coverage. A children’s book currently under construction will, along with work with school and youth groups, instigate the education of younger members of society, and aims to increase both awareness, and a sense of responsibility towards the native wildlife.

 

2. Again, using public media, to commence a programme of education aimed at raising awareness of the multiple affects of both public and private pesticide use. As well as emphasising the negative impact of these chemicals on Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets (through a reduction of prey abundance and a possible impact on male fertility) and other native fauna, the drive should also allow people to understand the potential risks to public health and to the wider environment  via overexposure and contamination of water.

 

3. To encourage and educate towards the use of more native tree species in garden and ornamental settings.

 

Protection

 

The immediate need for the protection of the present Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets’ populations is for the establishment of some form of reserve status around known foraging areas and areas of mature forest. This does not have to take the form of National Parks.

 

This would involve the assurance that certain activities could not take place in those areas, such as wood burning, and felling of trees over 5m tall; and that other activities such as housing development be carried out in accordance with ecologically sensitive guidelines.

These could be that no non-native plants are introduced to gardens, that native trees cannot be cut down, or that stands of trees must be planted along roadsides to soften the habitat damage.

 

As has proved useful in the Colombia, the introduction of legal protection of the birds

would allow criminal charges to be brought against anyone proven to intentionally or recklessly disturb or harm any Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets, whether in the cloud forest or foraging.

 

Research

 

Much further immediate effort is required aimed at locating and recording the locations of all of the remaining cloud forest sites and foraging areas of Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets.

 

An immediate requirement is the study of insect abundance and fruits associated with different medium/large tree species. We need to clarify the relative prey richness associated with each tree species to ensure that reforestation programmes are designed to benefit the invertebrate community and the birds. This enrichment will obviously be of benefit to a wider array of species, beyond the immediate need to aid Cundinamarca Antpitta and Yellow winged parakeets.

 

 

 

In the period of 8 months, with the objective of making a first evaluation on the general consciousness of the situation of the birds that inhabit our cloud forest, Guayabetal Project surveyed ten locations along the cloud forest with participation of 100 children and local governments. Guayabetal worked with the schools in the most important communities, organizing talks and interactive activities with children and teachers. In some cases, talks and follow-up activities were organized outside the school limits with the hunters and their families. In addition, schools and high schools farther away from the coastal area were visited after being invited. Relevant information was collected in order to design an Educational Programme for the critical areas.

near endemic hummingbird at guatiquia river

near endemic hummingbird at guatiquia river

Imagen

cloud forest at Guayabetal

cloud forest at Guayabetal

Habitat the several endemic and endangered birds from Guatiquia River

MONITORING CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA

         INTRODUCTION

In May 1990, the Cundinamarca Antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri) was discovered and described by Stiles. (1992). in the Monterredondo, Municipal de Guayabetal, Depto. De Cundinamarca, Colombia. Where it is believed to be endemic. During the scientific expedition that led to the discovery, the Monterredondo was also found to be an area of conservation importance due to the presence of endemic species, lack of scientific research, and looming threats to wildlife and its habitats and nominate IBA Guatiquia.

The Cundinamarca Antpitta is endangered specie, endemic to the slope Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Although extremely poorly known, their current distributions are likely to be highly restricted and their remaining forest habitats the Farallón de Medina are under intense anthropogenic pressure. In order to develop an urgently needed and effective conservation strategy for this specie, this student initiative aims to establish their current status through: accurate determination of their distributions; identification of their principal habitat and resource requirements; clear delineation of current threats.

habitat cundinamarca antpitta

habitat cundinamarca antpitta

 METHODOLOGY

We visited 3 highland sites throughout the four main mountain ranges in Cundinamarca Guayabetal (Vereda Monteredondo), Medina (Vereda Miralindo), and Gachala (Vereda San Isidro) between 4 to 8 times, each over a period of 8 months (June 2008–September 2009). During each visit, we only found individuals of Cundinamarca Antpitta at Vereda Monterredondo.

Evaluation of microhabitat use. We examined structural and topographic aspects of microhábitat use with a series of variables based on Mueller-Dombois & Ellemberg (1974) and Block & Brennan (1993) that were measured on 0.02-ha (15 m diameter) circular

MONITORING POPULATIONS CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA (GRALLARIA KAESTNERI)

MONITORING POPULATIONS CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA (GRALLARIA KAESTNERI)

We examined floristic aspects of microhabitat use with values of relative cover percentage of species of woody plants, because that were known to provide ecological requirements along the cloud forests of the Monterredondo basin for Cundinamarca Antpitta (Fig. 4). (Based on habits data of  20 individuals of Cundinamarca Antpitta watched throughout Monterredondo).

The center of each habitat plot corresponded either to locations used by Cundinamarca Antpitta or randomly located points. We used organism-centered habitat samples to estimate the microhabitat structure used by Cundinamarca Antpitta. We contrasted microhabitat use and microhabitat not used and availability in both univariate and multivariate space

Univariate tests for differences between and among individual variables were based on a Brown-Forsythe one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) without the assumption of equal within-group variation (Zar, 1974). Our multivariate contrast of use and availability was based on a logistic regression analysis (Zar 1974) of the structural and topographic variables that had statistical differences between the used and available groups (see Results).

Density estimation. We estimated Cundinamarca Antpitta density at the study area (Guayabetal, Vereda Monterredondo) we carried out a field experiment based on playbacks using Cundinamarca Antpitta songs recordings. To estimate density of antpitta and identify occupied habitat, we conducted distance sampling using the two line-transect survey approach. The tape recordings were reproduced every 60 meters along 960 meters transects within the study area and individual responses were recorded. Line transects survey data was analyzed using program DISTANCE (Thomas et al. 2003).

birds census at guatiquia

birds census at guatiquia

RESULTS MICROHABITAT USE

The average microhabitat structure used by Cundinamarca Antpitta varied greatly among the four studied transects; 8 of the 10 variables showed statistically significant differences (P < 0.01) across the two transects (Table 1). When we contrasted microhabitat use with availability, we detected significant differences (P < 0.0 1) in 4 of 14 variables (Table 1). A mathematical combination of these four variables (distance to water, distance to cover, maximum shrub height, and % humidity) using logistic regression showed a substantial improvement over classification of the organism-centered and randomly located plots based solely on prior probabilities of group membership

Table 1. Average values of the microhabitat structure used by and available to Cundinamarca Antpitta. Values given were obtained by pooling habitat samples from two regions or transects at Monterredondo (Guayabetal). .

D All F-ratios significant at P < 0.01, unless noted as not significant (ns); one-way analysis of variance.

Average values of the microhabitat structure used by and available to Cundinamarca Antpitta. Values given were obtained by pooling habitat samples from two regions or transects at Monterredondo (Guayabetal). .  D All F-ratios significant at P < 0.01, unless noted as not significant (ns); one-way analysis of varianc

DENSITY

Methodology Section, the best model estimating detection probability and density of Cundinamarca Antpitta was the Uniform key function with two cosine series adjustments. The estimate of Cundinamarca Antpitta density based on this model was 2.5 ± 0.5 (SE) birds/ha. Below density promedio

density cundinamarca antpitta

CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA

CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA

CONSERVATION OF THE CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA (Grallaria kaestneri) COLOMBIA.

Our strategic perspective in this environmental education initiative is focused on three fundamental axes, namely, communication understood as all activities related to dissemination and creation of informational materials about the initiative to conserve the Cundinamarca Antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri), social articulation enabling it to connect to as many potential players, and training as a series of activities aimed and designed to generate awareness within the community.

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AT GUATIQUIA IBA

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AT GUATIQUIA IBA

Project GUATIQUIA (Important Bird Area)

Cundinamarca Antpitta, Flame Winged Parakeet and Cerulean Warbler are Endangered species, endemic to the cloud forest River Guatiquia of the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Although extremely poorly known, their current distributions are likely to be highly restricted and their remaining forest habitats are under intense anthropogenic pressure.

Habitat for Cundinamarca Antpitta

Important Bird Area: Cloud Forest Guatiquia

In order to develop an urgently needed and effective conservation strategy for these  species, this student initiative aims to establish their current status through: accurate determination of their distributions; identification of their principal habitat and resource requirements; clear delineation of current threats.
Our team of student fieldworkers has determined the major threats to these species and their habitats and what people know about them through informal interviews. Quantitative surveys  has been undertaken to asses population dynamics.

Local People from Guayabetal

Monitoring Birds at Guatiquia Area_Local People from Guayabetal

Detailed ecological studies (habitat characterization, diet and movements) have been carried  at Guatiquia areas. Also, during fieldwork, data on other bird species have been collected to identify
Important Bird Areas.
This project has produced vital information on the population status and distribution of these two species, as well as conservation activities and environmental education has aimed to awake the ecological awareness in the local community.

A rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to continued habitat destruction and fragmentation, and persecution as a crop pest

Flame Winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera): A rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to continued habitat destruction and fragmentation, and persecution as a crop pest

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